Thought I'd get it started, remotely.... With Last.FM links and descriptions of the bands/albums, much better than I could do at the moment. Lots of debuts on my list, very exciting for the upcoming years.
In alphabetical order [Band - Album (Label)]:
Cheap Time - Cheap Time (In the Red). Best snarky punk revival album of the year.
Crystal Stilts - Crystal Stilts (Woodsist)/Alight of Night (Slumberland). Best subdued bedroom-DIY-rock album of the year. Sic Alps' U.S. EZ is a close second place.
The Dutchess & the Duke - She's the Dutchess, He's the Duke (Hardly Art). Best Brian Jonestown Massacre Meets Bob Dylan album of the year.
Gentleman Jesse & His Men - Introducing Gentleman Jesse (Douche Master). Best Exploding Hearts-influenced album of the year.
Grouper - Dragging a Dead Deer Up a Hill (Type). Best post-call album of the year. M83's Saturdays=Youth is second.
King Khan & The Shrines - The Supreme Genius of King Khan & the Shrines (Vice). Best (?only) garage soul album of the year.
Jeremy Jay - A Place Where We Could Go (K). Best It's-about-time-we-have-a-full-length-album album of the year. Also best indie diva album of the year.
Silver Jews - Lookout Mountain, Lookout Sea (Drag City). Best Silver Jews album of the year or Best new album from my favorite actively recording band.
Thomas Function - Celebration (Bomp). Best album of the year from a weirdo band from Alabama.
The Walkmen - You & Me (Gigantic). Best return to form album of the year.